Photos Of Well Being Benefits Of Olive Oil
It is scientifically formulated for effectivity, lab-verified, and became some of the most fascinating CBD products in the marketplace. Ultimately, you’ll be capable of select how you prefer to take your CBD primarily based low cost code totally on the signs that want primarily in all probability the most consideration.
Twelve of the 21 look at topics have been allergic to hashish, and all 12 had additional excessive reactions to meals allergy than these with no hashish allergy. A 2008 examine, moreover from “Internal Archives of Allergy and Immunology,” tested 32 topics for an allergic response to hashish LTPs, along with tomato, peach peel, and pollen extracts. The analysis found that every one take a look at subjects delicate to tomato allergens have been additionally sensitive to cannabis. Similar allergic indicators occur when an insect stings you; this, too, could cause swelling on the itching website, and shortness of breath.
cbd vape dosage However, you might experience some undesirable unwanted unwanted effects, most notably fatigue and sluggishness. A vape pen delivers the CBD into your lungs, the place your physique can transport it immediately into the bloodstream. The direct technique permits full-spectrum CBD oils to take impression in as little as two minutes. During her spare time, Elena benefit from horse driving, tenting and climbing, inside design and preserving abreast with the latest developments. Allueur luxury cbd vitamin c face serum Elena is contained in the strategy of starting up her personal magnificence cosmetics line within the near future.
Can Cbd Battle Allergic Reactions? Lets Assist You To Determine
The majority of toxic chemical compounds present in cigarette smoke are absent in e-cigarette vapor. E-cigarette vapor contains decrease concentrations of probably toxic chemical substances than with cigarette smoke. Those which are current, are largely below 1% of the corresponding ranges permissible by office safety requirements. But office security standards do not acknowledge publicity to certain susceptible groups corresponding to folks with medical illnesses, children, and infants who may be exposed to second-hand vapor. Concern exists that a few of the mainstream vapor exhaled by e-cigarette users could also be inhaled by bystanders, particularly indoors.
April is #stressawarenessmonth and here at JustCBD, we are all about helping you feel better and manage #stress 🤯 We have options available for everyone! Check out our website and find the right fit for you 💚🔥— JustCBD (@JustCbd) April 1, 2021
Relax, it's #justcbd 🌱https://t.co/2OWqbqCgyA pic.twitter.com/uhiZxAdcqx
Treatment options embody receiving injections of the allergen or taking very small portions of the allergen in capsule type day-to-day. You must preserve doing this incessantly for a minimum of three years to see outcomes. I actually have discovered that our CannaVit capsules have improved the usual of my sleep although, technically, it’s the THC inside the cannabis plant that has the sedative outcomes. Our CBD is in fact grown within the US, with out chemical pesticides or pesticides, before being shipped to our Colorado processing facility. This medical-grade surroundings lets us get the purest CBD oil potential from our multi-million dollar processing machines. It is scientifically formulated for efficiency, lab-verified, and was a number of the most attention-grabbing CBD products available on the market.
Do You Want Any Gluten and Sugar Free CBD Options?
Some of us may be at larger risk of getting an allergic response from hemp than others. A look at performed in 2018 discovered that people with allergic reactions to mud mites, cat dander, and mould are at larger threat of rising hashish allergy symptoms. Most of the analysis research done on cannabis have centered mostly on CBD and THC, with not a lot knowledge on hemp seed oil is presently obtainable. That being acknowledged, CBD oil has risen in status at present and there are many potential correctly being advantages associated to CBD.
~This Ain’t No April Fools Joke~@JustCbd Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Has So Many Health Benefits From Pain Relief To Reducing Stress.— Michael Giovanni (@Giotraining) April 1, 2021
It’s Legit A Game Changer. The Jokes On You For Missing Out On This Amazing Supplement.
20% Off Code: GIO20 pic.twitter.com/0xhJv3pOor
Fortunately, there are cbd capsules healthspan of strategies you presumably can cope with them, or no less than make them further manageable. In specific, it could possibly assist to alleviate ache in your sinuses and reduce your allergic reaction.
Eat Chocolate To Stay Healthy – Make CBD Chocolate At Home Using CBD Oil
Twelve members examined optimistic for hashish allergy, and all 12 had stronger meals allergy signs than those that weren’t allergic to the plant . Other Symptoms – There are as many different strategies to seasonal allergy indicators as there are people with seasonal allergic reactions the place cbd oil licensed. Watery eyes, water retention, fatigue, and others all combine to make you depressing. There are new research arising in regard to the way in which by which that CBD and cannabis can decrease histamine.
The undeniable fact that CBD, by itself, doesn’t produce a psychoactive extreme is good information for medical purchasers. To experience the medical advantages that CBD has to provide, sufferers wished to cope with THC-induced outcomes like “sofa lock”, altered perceptions, and lethargy. In 2009, Preposition sixty 5 added hashish smoke-in a position varieties to the category of most cancers-inflicting brokers. Thus, all cannabis smoke-in a position merchandise give a transparent warning concerning marijuana being a most cancers-causing agent. Furthermore, all CBD and THC-containing marijuana merchandise ought to supply a reproductive injection. But utilizing cannabis has correctly-acknowledged brief-time interval and lengthy-time period correctly being results, similar to discovering out and coordination factors.
CBD has moreover been discovered to be as environment friendly as prescription antipsychotics in treating psychosis, with the additional benefit of inflicting fewer unwanted effects. Diabetes could be linked to irritation, which could worsen because spf 55 sunscreen the sickness progresses. At doses between 25 and 50 mg/kg a day, Epidiolex was found to decrease seizure frequency by 50% in a 12-week scientific trial. Nausea and vomiting are two of the most typical—and most feared—indicators of chemotherapy.
CBD Affects Brain: How Does It Work?
new assortment The physique reacts to allergens due largely to the immune system and the stronger the immune system, the simpler it is to ward off an allergic response. Other natural compounds, similar to terpenes in full-spectrum CBD oil, can also set off your immune system. A look at from the Duke University School of Medicine discovered that about 20% of the members demonstrated allergic reactions to linalool, whereas 8% had been allergic to limonene . These are two of probably probably the most usually found terpenes in hashish and its derivatives. The antimicrobial properties of CBD might assist alleviate the side-outcomes of seasonal allergies. While lots of those methods do work, more and more more folks need to CBD for allergy symptoms and sinus points. Many individuals have used CBD for allergic reactions and sinus with little to no negative effects.
However, it’s all the time good to attempt to scale back these allergy indicators if potential and CBD is essentially the most natural and efficient means to do this. Histamine is a chemical produced by the immune system that helps the physique remove Venezia allergens. By reducing histamine, you possibly can likely reduce the symptoms and symptoms of allergic reactions. The endocannabinoid system regulates the immune system’s response via endocannabinoid receptors.
A Guide on Cannabis Extraction Process to Derive the Purest Form of CBD Oil
When attempting to give up smoking with vaping a base containing nicotine, indicators of withdrawal can embody irritability, restlessness, poor focus, anxiousness, melancholy, and starvation. The omega-three fatty acids present in oily fish have been proven to forestall the formation of inflammatory compounds and also assist destroy them. The likes of sardines, salmon and rainbow trout are filled with EPA and DHA – these fatty acids are metabolised into resolvins and protectins, which have confirmed anti-inflammatory outcomes. These omega-3s may be present in pine nuts, walnuts, flax and sunflower seeds however are much less accessible. Gluten present throughout the hemp might be minimal, however there isn’t any one hundred% assure that it’s not present in any respect. Essential oils contain multiple advantages together with anti-allergen, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties. You wish to make sure that you have to avoid hemp seed when you could have low blood pressure diploma.
Generally, the evaluation signifies that the antagonistic results of CBD are minimal and unusual. It additionally strengthens your immune system to battle in opposition to signs and eases pores and pores and skin allergy rashes. For over 2,000 years, the Chinese have been utilizing clove and proper now it’s utilized in a broad array of settings and functions of properly being and wellness. Cloves comprise 30 instances extra antioxidants than that of blueberries, making them the perfect choice for these combating off a plethora of allergy symptoms. Antibodies are imagined to assault the allergen or “worldwide invader” for destroying and eliminating it from the physique. The cannabis cannabinoids connect to those receptors and produce numerous responses. For occasion, when THC binds with the mind’s CB1 receptor, it stimulates feelings, recollections, and ideas.
Many prospects use CBD oil for allergic reactions inside the similar means or as an alternative choice to traditional allergic response cures. Most people with marijuana allergy signs have a mild to a common response that is rather like seasonal allergy circumstances. CBD has anti-inflammatory properties which might be helpful all through allergic response to chop back the irritation and swelling. Eases Pain and Discomfort – Plenty of people use CBD along with additional conventional ache and discomfort therapies.
Explaining The Advantages Of Cbd Oil For Allergies
The deal was finalized in April 2014 for $a hundred and ten million with $20 million in incentive funds. Altria also markets its own e-cigarette, the MarkTen, while Reynolds American has entered the sector with its Vuse product.
If you’re seeking a way to reduce this irritation, taking CBD-infused merchandise is imperative. For many people, taking CBD oil for seasonal allergic reactions on a day-to-day or semi every single day basis helps to reduce indicators and even take away them absolutely. Although research about utilizing CBD oil for allergy indicators are new, some folks report that they assist with allergy symptoms of hypersensitivity and seem like secure and constructive to make use of. When it includes spring allergy indicators, pollen, dander, and dirt trigger allergic responses of assorted severity. The impression of hemp pollen on regularly clients, along with the communities that work and reside close to these manufacturing suppliers, has not been studied. In the case of allergy indicators, the immune system reacts to plant pollen and utterly completely different substances inside the setting to trigger the physique’s safety mechanisms. Other pure pineapple specific cbd vape compounds, comparable to terpenes in full-spectrum CBD oil, may set off your immune system.
Some of us is also at bigger risk of getting an allergic response from hemp than others. CBD has emerged as a promising treatment for seasonal allergy signs, as a result of it aids to control the behaviour and formation of white blood cells that respond to allergens. Allergies occur because of the immune system is triggered which set off the physique to supply plenty of histamines and irritation. Very identical to individuals who have acute sinus elements, regular sinus points moreover level out swelling and irritation within the nasal passages. Allergies occur on account of the immune system is triggered which trigger the physique to supply a lot of histamines and irritation. Inflammation is the physique’s pure response to some type of overseas substance, be it a pathogens or just allergens all through the air or setting spherical you.
CBD has been found to assuage allergic reactions and its related indicators and is a safer allergy treatment compared with antihistamines. CBD has emerged as a promising treatment for seasonal allergy indicators, on account of it aids to control the behaviour and formation of white blood cells that reply to allergens.
A examine from the Duke University School of Medicine discovered that about 20% of the members demonstrated allergic reactions to linalool, whereas 8% have been allergic to limonene . These are two of essentially the most generally found terpenes in cannabis and its derivatives.
Understanding CBD and Its Effects on Multiple Sclerosis
Seasonal allergic reactions are allergic reactions that occur at a specific time of the yr. An allergy happens on account of the physique’s immune system is energetic when it identifies potential allergens as abroad to the physique and produces antibodies to battle them. Very associated to people who have acute sinus parts, regular sinus parts moreover level out swelling and irritation within the nasal passages.
“The placebo group provided greater nervousness, cognitive impairment, discomfort, and alert ranges compared with the administration group,” reads the study. And as soon as you can be in good well being, you may solely require a much smaller dose to cope with the advantages. A individual with an excellent endocannabinoid tone gained’t want as a lot oil and also will expertise most likely probably the most delicate results. When utilized in isolation, cannabidiol is non-psychoactive, meaning it’s going to give you lasting benefits in the absence of a excessive.
Things You Have To Know About Cbd Oil Results Earlier Than Buying
This might provide you with relief from itchy eyes and nostril and irritated sinuses. In the case of CBD, it offers a carry to the entire endocannabinoid system when consumed. Research on the connection between CBD and histamine release Brianna continues to be severely restricted. In explicit, it could probably help to alleviate ache in your sinuses and cut back your allergic reaction. However, research means that this molecule is efficient in treating quite a lot of situations.
If you might be unable to seek out anything in the market, at all times bank upon online shopping portals. Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Cosmetics Products If you are actually positive about oil, you may also add a drop or two in any of the face packs. For instance, Sandalwood Oil, added to gram flour and Rose Water is my ultimate soul saver. The ingredients present in most of the oils are extraordinarily delicate and would not be capable of face up to warmth.
How Can CBD Helps In Improving Your Memory?
CBD for allergy signs also can help with the aches and discomfort attributable to irritation. Other Symptoms – There are as many various methods to seasonal allergy signs as there are people with seasonal allergic reactions the place cbd oil authorized. There are new evaluation arising in regard to one of the simplest ways throughout which by which that CBD and cannabis can lower histamine. The impression of hemp pollen on regularly consumers, along with the communities that work and reside shut to these manufacturing suppliers, has not been studied. In the case of allergy indicators, the immune system reacts to plant pollen and utterly completely totally different substances inside the setting to set off the physique’s safety mechanisms.
Crazy excited about our partnership with JUST CBD, a national CBD industry leader since 2017. Yes, we’re the new kids on the block when it comes to beauty but as a collective, we’ve been dominating the CBD space for some time. We appreciate your support. Thank you!@justcbd pic.twitter.com/cibDl93GTf— Just Beauty CBD (@justbeautycbd) March 31, 2021
For spring allergic reactions, swelling of the lining of the nostril or protecting tissue surrounding the attention is frequent. As a compound with anti-inflammatory properties, CBD could probably help with inflammation introduced on by allergic reactions. As beforehand mentioned, allergy signs are introduced on by an overactive immune system.
Our processes are monitored each step of the way in which to be sure to’re getting a constant product, devoid of contamination and with a efficiency you’ll have the ability to perception. Improves Focus – Often, throughout a bout with allergic reactions, it’s exhausting to concentrate or relax. You flip into so focused on the indicators, discomfort, and inconvenience, that it might be hard to think about the remaining. CBD Helps Strengthen the Immune System – By giving your immune system a raise, it’s much much less doubtless to enter overdrive at first sight of these contagions.
After consumption, CBD interacts along along along together with your physique’s endocannabinoid system . Research signifies that the insulin ranges in prospects of cannabidiol are lower as in comparison with non-clients.
That’s as a result of this type of consumption presents a relatively fast onset of results — round minutes after ingestion — with an prolonged length time, as a lot as 6 hours. However, many customers have had success addressing a number of of theirunderlying allergy signs through the use of CBD oil for allergic reactions. It’s necessary to grasp that there’s a clear distinction between curing allergy symptoms and easing allergy signs.
But analysis on the subject reveals purchase cbd gummies on-line that CBD could be not wholly answerable for some good advantages of cannabis on allergic reactions. Seasonal allergic reactions like hay fever happens when your immune system acknowledges an airborne substance as harmful that causes no harm. Seasonal allergy signs set off irritation inside the throat and sinuses, making it troublesome to breathe, eat, drink, and speak with out irritation.
Multiple case studies have shown that digital cigarettes are vulnerable to this while they are charging. The U.S. Fire Administration states that, “E-cigarettes left charging for lengthy interval, particularly when unattended, have led to fires in homes and automobiles,” . Fire Administrationlooked at portrayed that this state of affairs solely occurred about eight% of the time, leaving 9 people injured and a couple of people with critical burns. The second concern can be if the gadget is left alone charging and the particular person goes off into another room or leaves the house fully, and the gadget implodes. In the instances during which fires had been began, fifty two% of the fires had been small scale or minor.
Generally speaking, there isn’t a real scientific consensus on why precisely allergy symptoms develop. Some folks appear to be more prone to others and a household history of allergy symptoms appears to be carefully associated to your chances of growing them. Take a number of the commonest examples of allergic reactions corresponding to meals , pets, pollens, and medicines. Unfortunately for most individuals, the factor that they endure an allergic reaction to, isn’t dangerous to most different people. And to make issues worse, many can be things they’re likely to meet often in on a regular basis life. For some individuals, an allergy might just imply a little bit of a runny nostril in spring, however for others, it may be a way more serious condition and a constant source of worry. The chance of urticaria , bronchial asthma assault, and anaphylaxis are a few of the extra serious reactions to an allergen – and none of those are significantly nice.
- Unfortunately for most individuals, the thing that they undergo an allergic response to, isn’t dangerous to most other individuals.
- If you expertise allergic indicators and indicators that manifest all through a constructive time of the 12 months, you can cbd isolate have a seasonal allergy.
- Although analysis on its benefits for allergic reactions stays to be restricted, we do know that its properties may assist lower histamine and irritation ranges.
- The ECS is a elaborate regulating group made up of chemical compounds generally known as endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes that each one work collectively by way of a signaling pathway.
Not only is CBD gluten free, however moreover might be useful in treating quite a lot of indicators. If you choose to strive CBD, you will want to use warning and use a CBD mannequin that’s certified gluten free. There are new studies arising in regard to the way that CBD and cannabis can decrease histamine. However, this analysis is leading spf 50 face sunscreen scientists to analysis the reactions from the physique for various conditions, together with a variety of sclerosis, mind most cancers remedy, or the danger of dementia. The finest remedy is normally prevention, and with the immune system, which means guaranteeing it’s sturdy and wholesome earlier than an attack occurs.
They end up going across the room closing doorways, dropping issues and chewing numerous objects going “does this irritate you? It’s such a merciless dysfunction as a result of as frustrating/maddening as it’s for us, on the similar time the people making the sounds aren’t really doing something wrong. Stress makes the misophonia a lot worse, so if you don’t have quiet locations you possibly can escape to it turns into a vicious cycle.
Very related to those who have acute sinus factors, continual sinus components furthermore recommend swelling and irritation throughout the nasal passages. As talked about above, activation of the immune system causes irritation throughout the physique, along with nasal pathways, the eyes, pores and skin, and throat. CBD oil could be the most effective product for individuals who experience irritation on account of it has an anti-inflammatory property. It is so surroundings pleasant that many people use it to take care of pores and pores and pores and skin sicknesses like eczema and rashes. However, of us with a excessive allergic response may expertise further horrifying allergy indicators like wheezing and shortness of breath. If you expertise allergic signs and indicators that manifest all through a sure time of the yr, you’ll have a seasonal allergy. Very related to those that have acute sinus parts, steady sinus factors furthermore counsel swelling and irritation contained in the nasal passages.
That being mentioned, CBD oil has risen in reputation these days and there are quite a few potential properly being advantages related Best CBD Face Masks with CBD. Allergies occur as a result of the immune system is triggered which trigger the physique to provide loads of histamines and irritation. Very associated to people who have acute sinus factors, continuous sinus factors moreover counsel swelling and irritation throughout the nasal passages. CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that are helpful all by way of allergic response to reduce the irritation and swelling. Eases Pain and Discomfort – Plenty of people use CBD along with extra typical ache and discomfort therapies.
CBD might help your physique naturally reply to allergic reactions to points inside the setting. However, only male cannabis crops produce pollen, whereas feminine crops are additional extensively used for oil and cannabinoid manufacturing. Large-scale industrial hemp fields may embrace a wide range of mature males in addition to fertilized females . All these outcomes are very promising and show a necessity for additional studies on the results of cannabis compounds on seasonal allergic reactions. When your immune system turns into hyperactive, it starts releasing utterly completely different chemical substances, similar to histamine, in mast cells. Histamine and other compounds are what triggers allergy symptoms people expertise.
Although some brands have begun recycling providers for his or her e-cigarette cartridges and batteries, the prevalence of recycling is unknown. E-cigarettes that aren’t reusable contribute to the issue of electronic waste, which might create a hazard for people and different organisms. ] They are vigorously advertised, largely by way of the Internet, as a safe substitute to traditional cigarettes, amongst different issues. E-cigarette companies promote their e-cigarette merchandise on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Twitter. Tobacco companies intensely market e-cigarettes to youth, with industry methods together with cartoon characters and sweet flavors. Fruit flavored e-liquid is probably the most commonly marketed e-liquid taste on social media.
CBD oil is a bigger select should you should shortly ease your indicators and gauge your dose further precisely. The ECS is a flowery regulating neighborhood made up of chemical compounds often generally known as endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes that each one work collectively by way of a signaling pathway. There’s no treatment for allergic reactions, they can be effectively managed with the right meals routine, supplementation, and certain life-development modifications. Allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever, is the most typical type of allergy, affecting as a lot as 30% of American adults and forty% of children. Cannabis crops comprise over four hundred phytochemicals on extreme of CBD, so it goes with out saying that a minimal of considered considered one of these compounds can set off allergy signs. When it entails basic supplementation — the best way by which you want to use CBD oil for allergy prevention — of us normally revenue from doses between 10–50 mg CBD every single day.
Regardless of why they began and what your indicators are, it’s essential to deal with allergy indicators as rapidly as they begin. CBD for pollen allergic reactions is an additional pure choice that has little to no undesirable unwanted side effects and is also taken to chop once extra irritation and help the physique recuperate. Inflammation is the physique’s pure response to some kind of overseas substance, be it a pathogens or just allergens within the air or setting spherical you. Allueur CBD and Hemp Skincare Products and Cosmetics CBD oil works to scale back irritation that helps with the inside structure of the lungs to boost respiration. Inflammation lies at the roots of all allergy signs, so whereas CBD won’t treatment them, preliminary analysis and anecdotal tales indicate that CBD oil could possibly assist ease the symptoms.
Second, in scientific trials, the compound appeared to be a safe and efficient treatment for schizophrenia. For some, hashish is an issue due to drug testing, or as a result of of us do not get pleasure from feeling “excessive.” CBD is stress-free and calming, the proper different to weed. Unlike standard tobacco cigarettes, which contain extremely addictive nicotine, the hemp in CBD cigarettes has no nicotine the least bit, nor one other addictive chemicals added to it.
And given its legality, minimal adverse unwanted side effects, and good safety profile, CBD for allergies is worth a shot in easing out your pesky allergic signs. The type of CBD oil for allergies depends on what symptoms you’re attempting to regulate. If you’re making an attempt to treat itchiness, redness, or dryness of the pores and skin, then you should search for topicals, lotions, and lotions infused with CBD to alleviate these issues. For occasion, spring allergy symptoms can cause the swelling of the nose lining or protecting tissues surrounding the attention. Now, as a compound with great anti-inflammatory properties, CBD can help with such inflammations attributable to these allergic reactions.
As for anti-histamines, the side-results start with drowsiness and end with blurred imaginative and prescient and lack of capacity to urinate. Similar allergic signs occur when an insect stings you; this, too, might trigger swelling on the itching web site, and shortness of breath.
Users have reported that topical CBD preparations might even take care of pores and pores and skin manifestations of allergic reactions. CBD might help your physique naturally respond to allergic reactions to points contained in the surroundings. That being stated, CBD oil has risen in recognition these days and there are pretty a few potential nicely being benefits associated to CBD. For people who endure from allergy symptoms Harleigh, the CBD oil has been used for its anti-inflammatory properties and concurrently an anti nervousness remedy. Allergies occur on account of the immune system is triggered which trigger the body to provide loads of histamines and irritation. Inflammation is the physique’s natural response to some type of overseas substance, be it a pathogens or just allergens all through the air or environment spherical you.
Today, we might be exploring the connection between CBD’s capability to alleviate allergic reactions and its potential to trigger them. People canbuy CBD oil onlinefrom dependable suppliers like justcbd.com.Before we dive into how CBD helps let’s perceive the causes and signs of allergy. thecbdmagazine.comis not imagined to diagnose, treat, treatment, or forestall any disease and isn’t meant as an alternative to information from well being care practitioners.
And you in all probability can effectively use it to treat virtually all pores and pores and skin-associated symptoms of allergy signs. The anti-inflammatory property of CBD oil makes it useful in assuaging the indications of seasonal allergic reactions. That being talked about, CBD oil has risen in status these days and there are fairly numerous potential properly being advantages related cbd spray sun display screen 3oz to CBD.
Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva
Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.